Tag: Tohatsu

Rudder, Hatch and Dinghy Outboard Motor.

Luck favors those who help themselves. Browsing Craigslist I stumbled upon a Mercury (Tohatsu) 2.5hp two-stroke outboard motor in great shape. It necessitates mixing 2% of oil in the fuel; small inconvenience for half the price of a new four-stroke model. I know those small outboards can be tempermental but it beats rowing against current on a windy day, every time. Two-strokes are noisier than the four-bangers and less reliable. they make up for it with good power and light weight. I was really surprised at how light it is. I can easily lift it above my head with one arm. It will be great on the Achilles LEX-77. As I have mentioned in my previous post, a dinghy motor is a matter of safety. Sometimes rowing out of trouble just isn’t an option.

Mercury 2.5HP

Mercury 2.5HP

Next urgent problem is my companionway hatch falling apart. I ordered a 14″ lexan bubble from EZ Tops Worldwide, which should be here on Wednesday. Lexan is much stronger than the clearer acrylic, though it scratches easily. I’d rather go for strength. Thickness is 1/4″, 7″ tall. It will be incorporated into the new hatch. I got the idea from Taylor’s Mingming pocket cruiser. It should keep me dry by avoiding going outside to look around in bad weather. My friend Erin created a CAD file for my other friend Marc at Elite Woodworks to cut with his CNC machine. The hatch is three layers of 12mm marine plywood epoxied together.
Bubble Hatch

Bubble Hatch

My rudder is still less than half-way done, shame on me. I yet have to varnish the first side. The anti-fouling and white paint are done. Then it’s on to the other side.
Morris Frances 26 Rudder

Morris Frances 26 Rudder


Giving myself a week to complete the hatch, mainly because of varnishing, that brings me to mid October for a new work session on the boat. I should then install the new hatch and finish painting; four days of work probably. The next trip should be at the end of the first week of November, with a Uhaul van to bring everything to the boat. Then the wait for a weather window will start.

It is with mixed feelings that I approach departure. You make a lot of friends by living anywhere for twenty one years.. Leaving everyone behind will be hard. There is also the uncertainty, physical and financial. Being a programmer I can work anywhere there is wifi. I won’t be online every single day however, and that might be a problem, or not.. I am mostly concerned about my health, which has declined for the last few months. I hope a new environment free of stress will help. There is also the learning curve I will face, having only sailed locally. This is the way I approach new challenges, very cautiously and with a lot of preparation, if not experience. I hope to stick to my schedule, but nothing is certain, money being the biggest obstacle. Time to start packing up.. Change is coming..

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Dinghy Outboard Motor and Safety.

My first thought was just to row… My Achilles LEX-77 rows well, though I have only used it on flat water. Browsing various cruising forums (Cruisers Forum and Sailnet, user gilgsn) it appears that not having an engine can be pretty unsafe. Winds and current can blow you out to sea or on rocks. So I decided that if possible I should look for a dinghy outboard motor of 2 to 4hp. If I could afford a new one, which I doubt, there are four models perfect for the task:

All these outboards except the Suzuki cost between 800 and 1000 USD.

The lighter model is the Honda at less than 30lbs. Its reputation is to be reliable but noisy due to air cooling.

The Yamaha, well, it’s a Yamaha and would be my first choice. It seems to be hard to find.

The Tohatsu is the same as the Mercury, and some other brands. With 3.5hp it might prove useful when wind and currents are strong or the boat is heavily loaded.

The Suzuki is said to be pretty powerful for its stated rating but not as reliable as the other three. It is also cheaper.

My main requirement is to be able to lift the engine with one arm, which I can do up to 50lbs, but 40 or less would be much easier. Two-strokes have a better power to weight ratio but require mixing oil in the fuel. They are also no longer available new in the United States, thanks to the EPA. When you think of how much oil BP has leaked in the Gulf of Mexico or how much and what large ships illegally dump in the ocean, it makes little sense. Four-strokes are quieter, more efficient, but their carburators gum up easily due to their small size. I was told it is better to turn them off by shutting off the fuel.

Any suggestion or offers would be welcome…

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Achilles LEX-77 Inflatable Dinghy.

Since I plan on anchoring out rather than spending a fortune in marina fees, I needed some sort of tender. Space is at a premium on Dagny, so an inflatable was the only possibility. Even a foldable dinghy would have been too large. I do not want anything on deck under way. My first thought was about Zodiac. Who doesn’t know the name? The Zoom 230 looked very good at about $600. I never buy anything without a lot of research. So I started browsing the web looking for dinghies… Some models seemed to cost twice as much for the same size boat. Maybe because they were made in China, but no, they were pretty much all made in China. Then I learned about PVC VS. Hypalon.

Most inflatables are made of PVC (polyvinyl chloride). It isn’t the same PVC as your garden variety pool implements, but a strong multi-layer material which can be thermally bonded by machines. Zodiac has their own version called Strongan™. It has the advantage of being cheap and convenient for manufacturing. The major issue with PVC however is the sun. UV radiation destroys PVC fairly quickly. For a dinghy used sporadically and mostly stored inside, no problem. If you plan on leaving it on deck or towing it, forget it.

Professionals and the military all use Hypalon (chlorosulfonated polyethylene synthetic rubber). It is not affected by the sun or most chemicals and lasts much longer in more extreme environments. Twenty years is a normal lifespan for a Hypalon boat, even longer. The only downside… Cost.

I thought long and hard about the dilemma. After reading a couple horror stories of PVC boats coming apart after a couple years spent outside, I decided to splurge on a Hypalon dink. Achilles makes all their boats with this material and gets good reviews. I opted for the LEX-77, a 7’7″ boat weighing 62lbs. The LS2-RU was a bit cheaper but did not have an inflatable keel. The LEX also has a plywood floor.

I do not have an outboard engine for it yet, but am pretty much set on the Yamaha 2.5HP. It probably wouldn’t plane with a 4HP anyway (3.5HP Tohatsu), so I might as well save on gas with a 2.5HP. The competition (Suzuki, Honda) is about 7lbs lighter than the Yamaha, and while it might be an advantage for carrying, I can’t help but wonder where the weight savings are…

The only problem with an expensive dinghy is worrying about it being stolen… Not sure how I’ll deal with the possibility… Suggestions are welcome…

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